Zou Zhe, born to a painterly family, one of the eight Jinling,
devoted all his life to pursue a balance in spirit, expressing the
grief feeling after subjugation by Qing and wishing could restore
the reign of Ming. The magnificent works represented a kind of
intensely personal idealism that pursued and expressed in landscape
painting, thus the painting was given a physical presence imbued
with peace and elegance.
The album consists of ten pages of landscapes, which painting
exemplifies the tendency of replacing traditional idealism by
realistic elements. Zou depicted the views of four seasons in
Nanjing, like sailing boat on misty river, guest in remote
mountains, clear peaks and river pavilion, cliff pine tree, boating
on a snowy night and so on. Zou used traditional over-lapping ink
washes as well as economic variations of dry stroke. Unlike
conventional composition, the imbalance of largely vacant space on
some pages leads amazing visual effects.